ESMA Extends Ban On Binary Options
The ESMA ban on binary options has been extended again, and in all likelihood, the ban is likely to remain in place indefinitely. So with a blanket ban on the marketing and sale of binary options in Europe, is there anything traders can do to continue trading? Possibly…
How The Binary Options Ban Is Affecting Traders
Starting July 2018, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has prohibited the marketing, distribution or sale of binary options to retail investors. The ban was and still is temporary, for a 3 month period, with the possibility of renewal when said period is up.
Since then, ESMA has constantly renewed the ban, and have announced they will do so again when the current period is up, on the 2nd of January 2019. The Authority will probably continue to renew this measure indefinitely, so EU customers are not likely to trade Binary Options anytime soon, at least not with regulated brokerages.
Currently we are dealing with a black and white situation, without much room for interpretation: binary options cannot be marketed, sold or distributed to retail clients. Actually there’s a “but” somewhere in there because ESMA has decided to exclude from the ban some forms of Binary Options.
However, as you will find out next, these exceptions are almost impossible for the brokers to implement while still making enough money to avoid bankruptcy.
Exception 1: “A binary option for which the lower of the two predetermined fixed amounts is at least equal to the total payment made by a retail client for the binary option, including any commissions, transaction fees and other related costs”
That’s a White Unicorn if I ever saw one. It basically means that on any given trade the worst outcome is you get your money back, including all commissions and fees. The other outcome is to win the entire payout. Looking forward for any brokerage implementing such a binary option but I won’t be holding my breath!
Exception 2: A binary option that meets the next three conditions cumulatively:
- expiration time of at least 90 calendar days
- a prospectus drawn up and approved in accordance with the Prospectus Directive (2003/71/EC) is available to the public
- “the binary option does not expose the provider to market risk throughout the term of the binary option and the provider or any of its group entities do not make a profit or loss from the binary option, other than previously disclosed commissions, transaction fees or other related charges”.
While the first 2 conditions are pretty straightforward, the last one may need a bit of clearing up: the brokerage should have no interest in the outcome of the trade. In other words, the old conflict of interests where the brokerage would make money when you lose a trade should completely go away.
Remember that all three conditions are cumulative, so it will be extremely difficult for a brokerage to implement them all at once and to make this type of binary option both lucrative for them and appealing to traders.
Avoiding The Ban
In short, yes. There are some viable ways to continue trading. One choice we are not going to expand on is using unregulated brokers – this is high risk and fraught with danger, to the point where it should not even be considered. One downside to the ban, is that it does nothing to address the scams. They operated outside of the law anyway, this ban will not change their behaviour (It may even embolden them as they know the European regulator has no appetite to chase them). Only use regulated brokers. So with that said, let us move on to some genuine ways you can carry on trading;
This choice will only be open to certain traders. You need to prove a certain amount of trading experience, and trading capital. Assuming you can, then you can register as a professional trader. This makes you exempt from the ESMA rule changes (You are no longer a ‘retail’ investor). Brokers can lawfully offer you binary options again. The downside is that you sign away any regulatory protection. You are basically saying you are financially aware enough to use high risk products. It is a great choice for experienced traders and indeed, many have already taken this step to continue trading just as they were.
Many brokers have created similar products to binaries, but made them different enough to dodge the ban. These include FX Options and Knock Outs. Expect more to follow. While not strictly binaries anymore, many of the same strategies will work. One note of caution however, is that ESMA are watching these products closely. If they feel the ban is being flouted, they may insist the new products are removed too.
Enquire With Your Broker
This option needs some detective work. Many brokers have multiple regulated ‘arms’ all under the one brand. For example, they may have a European based company, regulated in Europe, and another company registered in Australia or Malaysia to service each market. As a retail trader, you are able to request an account with one of the other ‘offshore’ or non-european companies, but with the same brand.
ESMA will allow European traders to trade under a different arm of the same brand – as long as the request came from the trader – the brand themselves are not allowed to market this as an option for their customers. ESMA have already reprimanded a couple of brands for trying. But as long as the request comes from you, the trader, then it is ok for the broker to facilitate that change for you. Once operating under another regulated arm of the business, you can access binaries again.
So get the deerstalker on and see if your broker has regulated branches in different jurisdictions.
So with these choices, it is possible to carry on trading, possibly without even leaving your current broker. There is also absolutely no need to look at unregulated firms. So the ban on binary options does not have to mean the end of your binary trading.